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Le rapport de travail en France au XIXe siècle : un rapport marchand ?

Abstract : Were labor relations in nineteenth-century France commercial relations? In the last decades, historical research has revised the classical vision of work in the nineteenth century, which was dominated by the ideas of paternalism, harsh discipline in factories and unlimited contractual “freedom.” Labor relations were less durable, more insecure than we thought; negotiation was also possible and sometimes turned in favor of workers. Labor courts played a crucial role in opening such margins for favorable negotiations. They produced a “workers’ law” that was distinct from commercial law, even though labor relations resembled commercial relations–especially in the context of the subcontracting chains that were typical of urban collective manufactures and rural proto-industry. Labor courts, however, were not accessible for all workers, many of whom could neither take part in the production of the “workers’ law” nor benefit from its protection.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 31, 2021 - 1:55:10 PM
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Claire Lemercier. Le rapport de travail en France au XIXe siècle : un rapport marchand ?. L'Homme et la Société, L'Harmattan, 2020, pp.71-93. ⟨10.3917/lhs.212.0071⟩. ⟨hal-02652200v2⟩



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