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Le phénomène collégial : une théorie structurale de l’action collective entre pairs

Abstract : Recently, original neo-Weberian theories have listed a series of formal characteristics differentiating « collegial » organizations from bureaucratic ones. This paper sketches a structural theory of collective action among peers that completes the neo-Weberian approach. Using the study of partnerships as an institutional form, it reconstitutes three generic social mechanisms characterizing this form of cooperation at the collective level : a multiplex and generalized exchange system, a lateral control regime, and the negotiation of precarious values among multi-status oligarchs. This reconstitution is based on a minimal conception of actors as interdependent and niche seeking entrepreneurs trying to carve out a place for themselves in the organization by participating in various forms of status competition and by solving problems of collective action without autocratic leadership. Illustrations are taken from a structural case study, that of a corporate law partnerhsip, and from the literature on organizations of professionals and experts.
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Emmanuel Lazega. Le phénomène collégial : une théorie structurale de l’action collective entre pairs. Revue française de sociologie, Presse de Sciences Po / Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 1999, 40 (4), pp.639 - 670. ⟨hal-01719426v2⟩



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