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Contribution à une théorie de la justice cognitive : l’amélioration biomédicale de l’attention des enfants : le cas de la Ritaline

Abstract : The analysis of children’s socialization process made by Emile Durkheim warns us against any actions intended to have an impact on the orientation of the young spirits. Our thesis explores the contemporary range of these positive actions issued from the state as well as from different parts of society. Those ones, by modifying the proper cerebral functioning, are guiding the behaviour of non-ill toward more attention and less impulsivness. This subject has a significant political concern: the reduction of cerebral inequal capacities which tend to become more and more important in our contemporary performance oriented society. Our research investigates new powers exerciced by adults on children, through the use of modern biomedical techniques, and particuly through psychostimulant pharmaceuticals. Biomedical tools directly reach the functioning brain, in an intrusive way, without the intermediate of either language or communication, which therefore arises new questions about their power of action. The aim of this study is to contribute to a theory of a cognitive justice for children. The new meanings of the inequalities of focus in learning, the social issues of these inequalities in a performance society and the new possibilities of biomedical intervention on the functioning brain converge towards new forms in psychic economy of children. It seems possible to interpret those new forces in action through a principle of justice. The debate around a cognitive justice reflects the unbearable social aspect of the disparities in attention capacity and the hypothetically unavoidable pharmacological answers associated to it. The solution of the theory of cognitive justice involves, for the pratical analysis of the massive instruction of Ritaline, to be situated beyond the usual paradigm of social control and behavioural control through society’s medicalization.
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https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03644829
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 19, 2022 - 2:23:47 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 20, 2022 - 3:39:43 AM

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Elisabeth de Castex. Contribution à une théorie de la justice cognitive : l’amélioration biomédicale de l’attention des enfants : le cas de la Ritaline. Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015IEPP0009⟩. ⟨tel-03644829⟩

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