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Structuration régionale et déterminants ethnoreligieux de la violence politique au Nigeria depuis la fin de la dictature militaire

Abstract : How national are Nigerian political parties ? Regionalism and ethno-religious factors of political violence since the end of the military regimes.

This paper explores the factors of political violence in Nigeria through the analysis of data concerning deadly clashes involving political parties between 2006 and 2014. We claim that Nigeria political system under the 4th republic remains deeply influenced by local and regional logics. Starting from the existing literature – which focuses mainly on clashes during general elections – we demonstrate firstly that deaths occurring during those type of elections account for only half of the total number of casualties. Secondly, we show that the regional organization of political parties still predominates. That is more specifically the case for inter-parties violence, which is concentrated in a few states where local parties were strong enough to contest the monopoly of the ruling PDP. Ignored by the existing literature, inter-parties violence also confirms the importance of local factors and the implication of the PDP. We finally show that inter-parties violence is concentrated in the Middle Belt where ethnic and religious conflicts are most important. Along with political competition, those rivalries explain mass violence. Indeed, events combining both electoral competition and ethnic/religious factors accounted for only 5 % of the total, but caused 75% of fatalities during the period under review.
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Submitted on : Saturday, February 12, 2022 - 8:29:54 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, February 13, 2022 - 3:43:15 AM

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Corentin Cohen, Hugo Lefebvre. Structuration régionale et déterminants ethnoreligieux de la violence politique au Nigeria depuis la fin de la dictature militaire. Hérodote - Revue de géographie et de géopolitique, Elsevier Masson/La Découverte, 2016, 2015/4 (159), ⟨10.3917/her.159.0045⟩. ⟨hal-03567886⟩

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