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Quelles « mesures » pour quantifier la pauvreté ?

Abstract : Despite improvements in international statistics and the priority placed on poverty reduction by international organizations, quantifying poverty remains difficult. This article looks at the various indicators of poverty, analyzes the context in which they were developed and compares the relevance of each. The frequent uses to which the most popular indicators (GDP, Gross Domestic Revenue, Human Development Index) are put masks their true nature: medians calculated at the residential level which provide only a partial evaluation. Moreover, more specific indicators have been developed: some are purely monetary (poverty lines, absolute or relative), while others attempt to offer a synthesis of the numerous dimensions of poverty in one unique indicator (multidimensional poverty index). The so-called dashboards (which inspired the Millennium Development goals) capture the various nuances of poverty but make it difficult to develop a global vision or interpretation.
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 21, 2021 - 10:48:04 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 18, 2022 - 11:42:04 AM

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Benoit Martin. Quelles « mesures » pour quantifier la pauvreté ?. Marie-Françoise Durand; Christian Lequesne. Ceriscope Pauvreté, Centre de recherches internationales; Atelier de cartographie de Sciences Po, 2012. ⟨hal-03393525⟩

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