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Les LABEX réinventés. Les appropriations paradoxales d'un instrument d'action publique en biologie

Abstract : Like many Western countries, France has recently launched a major wave of reforms that aimed to concentrate public funding more clearly on the “best” researchers, laboratories and universities. This policy brief analyses how biologists have appropriated one of these programs – the Laboratoires d’excellence (laboratories of excellence – LABEX). The results of this survey show that the implementation of this instrument is difficult to reduce to binary categories, such as failure or success. In many cases, LABEXs have reinforced dynamics already at work, without initiating major reorientations of agendas or research practices when they did not correspond to the objectives of these calls for proposals. But to conclude that the measure failed would be simplistic: biologists appropriated LABEXs and praise the flexibility of the instrument and its usefulness. Paradoxically, they found a way to overcome the competitive and temporary nature of biological research funding by using LABEX as a tool to reduce inequalities and financial uncertainties.
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Jérôme Aust, Ulrike Lepont. Les LABEX réinventés. Les appropriations paradoxales d'un instrument d'action publique en biologie. LIEPP Policy Brief, Laboratoire interdisciplinaire d’évaluation des politiques publiques (LIEPP, Sciences Po), 2019, ⟨10.25647/liepp.pb.42⟩. ⟨hal-02964084⟩

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