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L’entretien biographique comme interaction. Négociations, contre-interprétations, ajustements de sens

Abstract : In French sociology, the biographically-orientated interview is a particularly valued method. However, methodological reflection on the part of sociologists too often takes far too little notice of the most basic aspects of the interview situation. The precepts of benevolence and neutrality are not taken into account in conducting the interview, while characterising the power relationship during the interview as one of domination throws insufficient light on the interpretation of the situation by each of the protagonists. This article seeks a new approach by considering the biographical interview in the context of its immediate production, through the interaction between sociologist and interviewee. It concentrates on definitions of the situation, exchanges, and adjustments with regard what the participants do. Their discursive and interpretative activity is assessed in three empirical surveys conducted in differentiated groups, which, within specific frameworks, provide the sociologist-interviewer with contrasting interpretations of the interview situation.
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Didier Demazière. L’entretien biographique comme interaction. Négociations, contre-interprétations, ajustements de sens. Langage et société, 2008, pp.15 - 35. ⟨10.3917/ls.123.0015⟩. ⟨hal-02558162⟩



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