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La fin de l'Etat stratège ? : La concurrence dans les politiques économiques françaises (1945-2015)

Abstract : This introduction to the special issue discusses the origins and the role of competition policy in France since the 1950s. Far from being the result of a European or supranational imposition, the adoption of competition policy obeys national dynamics which, from time to time, mobilise European law and competition policy. The study of these policies reflects the trajectory of the inflexions of French economic policies. Until the 1980s, competition policy remained inscribed within the objectives of the strategic State, a policy which sought to coordinate the actions of large national economic entities. Starting in the 1980s, the signs of a move to a regulatory State increased, resulting in a retreat from a direct management of the economy and a move to a policy aimed primarily at increasing the efficiency of markets. Competition policy contributed to this evolution even if its effects were constantly limited by the inertia of sectoral logics based on decades of sectoral interpenetrations between industry and the administrations.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 11, 2017 - 12:01:00 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 27, 2022 - 1:27:13 PM

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Sebastian Billows, Scott Viallet-Thevenin. La fin de l'Etat stratège ? : La concurrence dans les politiques économiques françaises (1945-2015). Gouvernement & action publique, 2016, 4, pp.9 - 22. ⟨10.3917/gap.164.0009⟩. ⟨hal-01520973⟩



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