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Bureaucratie, organisations et formalisation des savoirs

Abstract : The sociology of organizations emerged from the distinction between formal or theoretical knowledge, on the one hand, and practical or informal knowledge, on the other. This distinction suggested a gap between the visions produced by leaders, based on legal or scientific forms of knowledge, and the empi­rical knowledge developed by actors – in passing justifying the role of the sociologist in providing access to actors’ behaviours within organizations. Starting in the 1970s, transformations in organizations called into question this distinction. Sociologists analyzed how actors developed forms of knowledge that later acquired formal characteristics. In so doing, research in the sociology of organizations suggested that the use of more formalized knowledge for the purpose of controlling or coordinating could lead to a process of bureaucratization.
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Daniel Benamouzig, Olivier Borraz. Bureaucratie, organisations et formalisation des savoirs. Année Sociologique, Presses Universitaires de France, 2016, 66 (1), pp.9 - 30. ⟨10.3917/anso.161.0009⟩. ⟨hal-01465506⟩



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