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Sur les dynamiques sociologiques et politiques de l’identification à l’Europe

Abstract : The European Community has always – that is, since its beginning – given cause for concern regarding its ability to arouse a feeling of belonging, strong enough to establish the legitimacy of its political system. Many explanations have been given for this weakness. The idea that the commitments of Europeans to their nation form a screen between them and Europe is very widespread, especially since the ratification of the Maastricht’s Treaty. The database available to test this hypothesis is difficult to use, because of the many changes of wording having occurred since 1994. Nevertheless, it shows a very interesting electoral effect : far from the periods of sustained public debate on Europe, no antagonism can be measured between the variables of commitment to Europe and to its nations ; while a negative relationship appears between belonging to Europe and national pride during the European electoral campaigns. This contextual effect can be interpreted as a consequence of the bi-dimensional character of the territorial commitments of the Europeans, which combine a political logic of choice between elites and citizenries partially competitive, and a sociological logic of belonging to any available imaginary community.
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Sophie Duchesne, André-Paul Frognier. Sur les dynamiques sociologiques et politiques de l’identification à l’Europe. Revue Francaise de Science Politique, Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, 2002, 52 (4), pp.355 - 373. ⟨hal-01017906v2⟩



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