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Des enfances ordinaires ? Une histoire comparée de la sortie de guerre des enfants d'Europe occidentale (Allemagne de l’Ouest, France, Italie, 1943-1949)

Abstract : This thesis examines the way in which the Second World War affected children onthe one hand, and transformed their care and the way in which Western Europeansocieties perceived them on the other. Using two main corpuses - one composed ofarchives produced by the youngest children (school work, drawings, diaries, etc.) and theother of documents drawn up by the actors around them (ministries, NGOs, experts, etc.)- it compares three areas marked by a return to peace and democracy in the second halfof the 1940s: France, Western Germany and Italy.This work follows a ternary rhythm. Firstly, it examines the experiences of youngItalians, French and Germans from their point of view and reveals that, despite thenational contexts, there is specificity in children's experiences of war and the post-warperiod. Secondly, it endeavours to evaluate the effects of the conflict on the bodies andminds of children, while analyzing the conditions for the development of knowledgeabout them and the motives behind the discourse on children as victims of war, whichretains an alarmist character despite the rapid disappearance of the effects observed.Finally, it attempts to give an account of the public policies conducted after 1945 with theaim of raising and rebuilding this age group and, more generally, society as a whole.Thus, this study aims to be a contribution to the history of childhood, to the history ofpublic policies in a context of affirmation of the welfare state and humanitarianism, butalso and above all, to the history of the war phenomenon.
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https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03772871
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 8, 2022 - 3:48:42 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 16, 2022 - 11:47:48 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03772871, version 1

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Camille Mahé. Des enfances ordinaires ? Une histoire comparée de la sortie de guerre des enfants d'Europe occidentale (Allemagne de l’Ouest, France, Italie, 1943-1949). Histoire. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021IEPP0050⟩. ⟨tel-03772871⟩

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