Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

The gender gap paradox : citizenship, cohort change and the evolution of gender inequalities in political participation in Western Europe (1981-2016) - Le paradoxe du gender gap

Abstract : Research on gender gaps in political participation lacks systematic longitudinal and comparative analyses examining whether, where and why participatory gender inequalities have changed over time. This dissertation fills this gap by adopting a theoretical framework, combining gender studies and political behaviour research, and a research design that compares (i) different types of political participation (participation in national elections, institutional political activities, demonstrations and petitions); (ii) in nine Western European countries, over a period of 35 years, using individual-level data of the EVS (1981-2008) and ESS (2002-2016). This research shows that gender gaps in political participation have evolved over time: they narrowed and sometimes reversed depending on the mode of action, and in different ways according to the country under study. Its findings highlight that these differential gender gaps are mostly driven by gendered effects of generational belonging which influence women’s and men’s level of political participation but in a different way depending on the type of political action studied. The size of gender gaps in political participation generally decreases among the most recent cohorts due to generational differences in terms of education, religiosity and politicisation. The dissertation reveals that the decrease in gender gaps in time-and-resource-intensive institutional political activities (such as participation in political parties or contacting politicians) among the youngest cohorts is not due to a stronger commitment of women but to a decreasing likelihood of men getting involved in such forms of political participation, which in turn, can, in certain countries, be explained by generational inequalities in trade union membership.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadata

https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03727444
Contributor : Clément BERNARD Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 19, 2022 - 11:28:41 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 20, 2022 - 3:25:52 AM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-03727444, version 1

Collections

Citation

Anja Durovic. The gender gap paradox : citizenship, cohort change and the evolution of gender inequalities in political participation in Western Europe (1981-2016) - Le paradoxe du gender gap. Political science. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2020. English. ⟨NNT : 2020IEPP0021⟩. ⟨tel-03727444⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

0