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Médiations en puissance au Sahara-Sahel : le rôle de l’Algérie et de la Libye dans la gestion de conflits au Nord du Mali et au Nord du Niger (2006-2018)

Abstract : This thesis analyzes the exercice of the Libyan and Algerian power through the mediations conducted in Sahara-Sahel between 2006 and 2018 in Northern Mali and Niger. The assumption made suggests that mediation mirrors the exercice of power by the States, insofar as it mobilizes the same social, economic and political ressources, both formal and informal, allowing these States to stand out on the regional and international stages through their interactions with the parties to the conflicts. Despite the critiques adressed to the Algerian and Libyan mediators under the regime of Colonel Gaddafi, to some extent, these actions enabled these stakeholders to pursue and maintain their own agenda, or at least to display it publicly. However, given the transformations affecting the conflictuality in the middle of the 2000's, power is no longer a privilege of the Libyan and Algerian States. It has been gradually acquired, in its informal and illegal components, by the Malian and Nigerian stakeholders, wether state-related or not. Although the events in Northern Mali since 2012 tend to contradict its reach, this power is still prevalent today through the capacity to produce a certain type of narrative regarding the model of conflict resolution to favour in the region, with competitive approaches being developed by local, regional or international peace stakeholders.
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https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03709128
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 29, 2022 - 4:20:07 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 1, 2022 - 3:44:50 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03709128, version 1

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Pauline Poupart. Médiations en puissance au Sahara-Sahel : le rôle de l’Algérie et de la Libye dans la gestion de conflits au Nord du Mali et au Nord du Niger (2006-2018). Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019IEPP0056⟩. ⟨tel-03709128⟩

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