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Japan at the United Nations : cooperative diplomacy as a means for influence and recognition

Abstract : This thesis attempts to fill a gap in the contemporary academic literature via a comprehensive study of Japan’s diplomatic engagement with the United Nations. Covering the entire period of Japan’s UN membership from 1956 to 2020, the analysis works at three main levels—namely the central themes of Japan’s UN diplomacy, its financial contributions to the UN, and Japanese diplomatic practice. This is based on mixed methods research, encompassing more than sixty semi-structured interviews (most of them with Japanese diplomats), documentary analysis of Japanese and UN archives, and a discourse analysis of approximately 200 Japanese speeches. Japan’s relationship with the UN must be seen in the context of the general rise of multilateralism since the mid-twentieth century, the evolution of the country’s world role and power, a constitution renouncing war, and a foreign policy characterized by an alliance with the United States. Against this background, the thesis asks how and why Japan cooperates at the UN. The answer to both parts of this question is threefold. The ‘how’ answer emphasizes an evolution towards a discursive focus on Japan itself, Japanese financial contributions as a means to play an international role, and the ‘cooperative’ style of Japanese diplomats. The ‘why’ answer identifies several different motivations (other than external constraints) for Japan’s multilateral diplomacy, allowing us to look at its principled aspect, its use as a tool for influence, and its deployment as a means of obtaining recognition.
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Submitted on : Monday, June 13, 2022 - 3:53:14 PM
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Sarah Tanke. Japan at the United Nations : cooperative diplomacy as a means for influence and recognition. Political science. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2021. English. ⟨NNT : 2021IEPP0045⟩. ⟨tel-03694342⟩



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