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Theses

La protection française des États pontificaux : occupation militaire et souveraineté partagée dans l'Italie du Risorgimento (1849-1870)

Abstract : In 1849, the French expedition against the Roman Republic led to the restoration of the Papal monarchy, overthrown following the 1848 revolution. The intervention resulted in a military occupation that ensured the protection of the Pope’s political sovereignty until 1870. During the Second Empire, this military presence became a central element in the renewal of French imperialism, based on a discourse that combined the defence of Catholic interests with the promotion of civil progress. In the Napoleonic era, the French occupations of the Papal States coincided with the suppression of Papal sovereignty and an attempted modernisation through direct domination. The 1849-1870 occupation, on the other hand, was part of a project of political reorganisation aimed at asserting French influence against Austrian hegemony in Italy. Such project was intended to consolidate the government of the Holy See by promoting administrative reforms, particularly in the areas of policing, military organisation and the legal system. The result was a form of joint territorial governance between the occupiers and local authorities, characterized by practices of shared sovereignty that varied according to the interactions between France’s Italian policy and its overall imperial strategy. By analysing the relationship between the French army and the Papal society and institutions through the prism of shared sovereignty, this thesis highlights the continuity of practices of limited sovereignty within European and non-European imperial spaces.
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Submitted on : Monday, June 13, 2022 - 3:08:27 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03694260, version 1

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Alessandro Capone. La protection française des États pontificaux : occupation militaire et souveraineté partagée dans l'Italie du Risorgimento (1849-1870). Histoire. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019IEPP0054⟩. ⟨tel-03694260⟩

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