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Theses

Ordre et liberté : être conservateur face à la question sociale et à la montée de l'Etat moderne, en France et aux Etats-Unis, années 1890-Première Guerre mondiale

Abstract : The period from the 1890s to the First World War was the time when a social conservatism emerged and aimed at preserving the foundations of the economic and social order resulting from the industrial revolution. This social conservatism was characterized by an alternative vision of reform based on private initiative and the empowerment of the individual. This was due to a reluctance, even hostility, towards state interventionism seen as an open door to socialism which was a rising force at the end of the 19th century. This conservative thinking movement was at the origin of modern conservatism and led to the ideological convergence between conservatives and liberals. It was based on the defense of a liberal order whose institutions and social organization were legitimized by history. This is particularly obvious in both France and the United States where a conservative party was absent, but an ideological rapprochement took place between forces divided by traditional political cleavages: left and right on the French side and Republicans and Democrats on the American side. However, this ideological convergence did not systematically lead to the disappearance of these cleavages. The use of comparative history between these two countries reveals a shared social conservatism on both sides of the Atlantic, even if national specificities did not evaporate. This approach challenges the reading of a political history too often studied in both countries as a form of exceptionalism and not as a confrontation with common transformations of the economic and social order in the Atlantic area.
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https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03662840
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Submitted on : Monday, May 9, 2022 - 3:57:46 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 10, 2022 - 3:47:21 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03662840, version 1

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Charles Lenoir. Ordre et liberté : être conservateur face à la question sociale et à la montée de l'Etat moderne, en France et aux Etats-Unis, années 1890-Première Guerre mondiale. Histoire. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020IEPP0028⟩. ⟨tel-03662840⟩

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