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Militer en minorité ? Le "secteur juif" du Parti communiste français de la Libération à la fin des années cinquante

Abstract : Though the study of the Jewish sector of the French Communist Party (PCF) and its activists - Yiddish-speaking Jews from Central and Eastern Europe - between 1944 and the end of the 1950s, this thesis addresses three main questions. Firstly, it questions the role the PCF played in integrating immigrants and minorities in France and in reintegrating Jews in France after the Holocaust. Secondly, it studies Jewish communists’ actions for the reconstruction of Jewish life in France after the genocide. Jewish communists played a key role in post-war French Jewish life. They are, however, often presented as opportunists whose defense of Jewish interests would only have a propagandistic aim. At the opposite, some studies describe them as mainly Jews whose political engagement would not be as important as their commitment for Yiddish culture and Jewish life. This thesis argues that at least until the 1950s, Jewish communists of the Jewish sector of the PCF managed to conciliate a concern for Jew and communist propaganda. However, in the early years of the Cold War, Soviet policy towards Jews led Jewish communists to make choices. Officially, the Jewish sector of the PCF chose to remain faithful to communism. It led to their marginalization in the French Jewish life. Finally, through the study of 26 activists’ trajectories, this thesis questions political commitment, political careers and social identities of Jewish communists. Identities can change and evolve which has an impact on political engagement.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 9, 2022 - 11:12:27 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03662248, version 1



Zoé Grumberg. Militer en minorité ? Le "secteur juif" du Parti communiste français de la Libération à la fin des années cinquante. Histoire. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020IEPP0024⟩. ⟨tel-03662248⟩



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