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Droit de la contrefaçon et droit de la propriété intellectuelle : origines et enjeux d’une désunion

Abstract : Under French law, the term counterfeiting helps to designate any kind of infringement of intellectual property rights. The type of intellectual property involved or the criminal or the civil nature of the infringement is irrelevant to bring a counterfeiting claim. Rightsholders are indeed granted with a unitary remedy that can be similarly invoked before a criminal court or a civil court. Criminal cases of counterfeiting and civil litigations dealing with infringement of IPRs are ruled based on a hybrid legal action called 'l'action en contrefaçon'. Such hybridity can be better understood if we look at the history of French intellectual property law. Until the 1960s, the protection of trademarks, patents, copyrights or design models was a strict matter of criminal law. Legislations that were passed since have developed a civil regime for IPRs while maintaining an ambiguous reference to these counterfeiting offenses. As a result, French Intellectual Property law has been struggling to distinguish between criminal counterfeiting and civil infringements of IPRs. In the context of internationalization of the fight against counterfeiting, such ambiguity led France to adopt problematic customs measures that may violate the TRIPS agreement.
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Contributor : Hélène Saint-Gal Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, May 5, 2022 - 3:45:46 PM
Last modification on : Friday, May 6, 2022 - 3:38:48 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-03660156, version 1



Marion Briatta. Droit de la contrefaçon et droit de la propriété intellectuelle : origines et enjeux d’une désunion. Droit. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019IEPP0035⟩. ⟨tel-03660156⟩



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