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La Force intérimaire des Nations Unies au Liban : essai d’explication de la pérennité institutionnelle

Abstract : The UN Security Council, following Israel’s invasion of southern Lebanon, established the UNIFIL in 1978. Supposed to be temporary, it is still operational in 2019. External factors are related to the evolution of the UN peacekeeping norm on the one hand, and the insecurity of the Middle East and Israeli-Lebanese relations on the other.The evolution of the mandate of UNIFIL in 2006, in line with the evolution of the UN standard, allows it to acquire this new legitimacy that explains its durability. Knowing since 1948 many wars, the Middle East has become the laboratory of UN peacekeeping. Directly concerned by the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the general context, the tense relations between Israel and Lebanon explain why UNIFIL still exists, especially since it was created in the context of war between the two countries. External factors alone do not explain the durability of UNIFIL. The institutional dynamics of UNIFIL must be taken into consideration (its decision-making autonomy, the position of the permanent members of the Security Council, the interests of the participating States as well as those of the international civilian and military personnel, and the intervention of the Lebanese political actors in UNIFIL) to understand why its mandate is renewed. The request by the Lebanese Government for the renewal of the mandate of UNIFIL is due to its legitimization by the local. This legitimacy involves the interests of local UNIFIL personnel, the security interests of local populations, the economic and charitable interests, and social interactions in the private sphere between UNIFIL members and local populations.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 5, 2022 - 10:22:11 AM
Last modification on : Friday, May 6, 2022 - 3:38:48 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-03659557, version 1



Alex Issa. La Force intérimaire des Nations Unies au Liban : essai d’explication de la pérennité institutionnelle. Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019IEPP0047⟩. ⟨tel-03659557⟩



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