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Theses

La "cause des migrants" : un moment transnational ? (1990-2014) : l’enjeu migratoire, au cœur de la restructuration des champs sécuritaires et militants transnationaux dans le temps long

Abstract : This thesis focuses on the emergence of transnational advocacy coalitions on the “cause of migrants” between the end of the 1990s and the mid-2000s. It purports to account for an episode of intense transnational mobilization around the cause of migrants and the question of migrations, between the end of the 1990s and 2014, that is, before what became known as the “refugee crisis” or “migrant crisis”. In particular, it aims at explaining a paradox: the apparent contradiction between, on the hand hand, the level and scope taken by these mobilizations over the course of a few years, and on the other the decline, albeit relative but very quick, of these mobilizations. To account for this ephemeral mobilization, this research combines three sets of approaches, which together draw a lens little used in the scholarship: a historical approach, a reflexion anchored in my own experience as a “professional/advocate”, and the theoretical perspective opened by Christian Topalov and his theoretical tool of the “weak field”. This approach leads to questioning the “novelty” of these transnational advocacy coalitions, by seeing them, rather, as a temporary restructuration of a much older field of mobilization that underwent a new mutation from the end of the 1990s; a change which this thesis seeks to empirically trace. To this end, it adopts a “funnel” research strategy. Starting with a historical and “macro” focus, retracing the contexts and conditions for the emergence of diverse coalitions of actors - religious, administrative elites, NGOs - from the 19th century, in the first part, the thesis then channels attention towards the constitution of transnational alliances within a French-European-African political and militant space. Empirically, focusing on the role of the cause of migration within individual and organisational trajectories is an entry-point to account for the constantly evolving and transient character of these coalitions.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 4, 2022 - 4:11:59 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 5, 2022 - 3:36:21 AM

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Mélodie Beaujeu. La "cause des migrants" : un moment transnational ? (1990-2014) : l’enjeu migratoire, au cœur de la restructuration des champs sécuritaires et militants transnationaux dans le temps long. Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019IEPP0037⟩. ⟨tel-03659178⟩

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