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The Mizoram Peace Accord : conflict and resolution

Abstract : The thesis is a study of the Mizoram conflict (1966-86) and its subsequent resolution by a Peace Accord. It examines how the fight for self-determination by an ethno-nationalist tribal group unfolded, how the might of the State was used to stem one of the most violent and bloody insurgencies of the country and how governmental and societal efforts ensured a conflict resolution, the first of its kind in post-colonial independent India. It examines the efforts made within Mizo society itself to work out an agenda for peace. This research also compares the different trajectory of the Mizo Peace Accord of 30 June 1986 with the accords inked by the Indian State around the same time with armed dissident groups in two other states of the Indian Union, Punjab and Assam - the Punjab Accord of 24 July 1985 and the Assam Accord of 15 August 1985. Though these peace accords were heralded as conflict erasers, in each case the results were different - either outright collapse as in Punjab, or a succession of years of stalemate and struggle as in Assam or lasting peace as in Mizoram. For one, why did the accords fail and, more importantly, why did they succeed? Secondly, in the case of Mizoram, was there a paradigm shift away from the traditional ways of resolution? Thirdly, how was peace built and sustained in a deeply divided Mizo society based on ethnic identities? Fourthly, how did the local society organically churn out the resolution paradigm to bring in peace and also to sustain it? And finally, what lessons does this hold out for the Indian polity? The thesis lays out arguments and constructs to try and answer these questions.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 4, 2022 - 10:35:46 AM
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Renu Sharma. The Mizoram Peace Accord : conflict and resolution. Political science. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019IEPP0012⟩. ⟨tel-03658579⟩



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