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La nature contre l'État ? : construction et structuration de l'écologie politique en France de la fin des années 1970 au début des années 1990

Abstract : The 1980s saw the environmentalism become a structured political force, embodied by a political party, and represented at almost all elections. At first, this process is not self-evident. At the end of the 1970s, the environmental movement refused to put in place long-term structures and rejected any prospect of winning power, since the state was most often seen as a cold, technocratic monster, of which it was first of all necessary to reduce the place to free civil society. The change of course began at the turn of the decade and was confirmed in 1984 with the creation of Les Verts. This evolution is due in particular to the European context, the good scores obtained by other European green parties, such as Die Grünen in the FRG, creating a context of favorable emulation. From 1986, the French Greens change their point of view concerning the conquest of power: the candidatures they present are no longer testimony, but are aimed at obtaining elected representatives. This shift is accompanied by a deep reflection on the nature of the Green Party: should it ally with alternative left, or the Socialist Party, or should it remain strictly independent? While they chose to favor this second option, the Greens get good scores, and elected officials, during the municipal and European elections in 1989. The success is such that new parties claiming environmentalism – Génération Écologie – or ecosocialism – L’Alternative rouge et verte – are developing. However, in 1993, a change of majority within the party places the Greens on another path, that of an alliance with the Left.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 3, 2022 - 11:41:12 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 4, 2022 - 3:43:14 AM

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Sébastien Repaire. La nature contre l'État ? : construction et structuration de l'écologie politique en France de la fin des années 1970 au début des années 1990. Histoire. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019IEPP0013⟩. ⟨tel-03657669⟩

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