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Theses

From state sovereignty to responsibility to protect

Abstract : The research was aimed at understanding by means of which developments in the political and legal thinking the R2P finally reached its present shape. To this end, we analyzed on one side the evolution of the concept of absolute sovereignty and the shift towards an increased involvement of the international community in the internal affairs of the individual states, and, on the other side, the modifications incurred in the concept of intervention for humanitarian purposes and the lessons learned out of the experiences of the 1990s. We have argued that what R2P is, or is not, should be understood in the light of this long development. Having then established what now R2P is about we wanted to measure to which extent R2P was able, in the ten years of its existence, to influence the behavior of the international community, and in particular of the United Nations Security Council. Hence, we selected four cases – Libya, Côte d’Ivoire Sri Lanka and Syria – where R2P was invoked or should have been invoked, with the aim of finding regularities useful for guiding future action. Our research hypothesis was that R2P is influenced by five main independent variables, namely: the dynamic within the Security Council (active involvement of some specific countries/country representatives); reasonable perspective of success/attractive cost-benefit profile; the role of the relevant regional/sub-regional organizations; the activity of the Human Rights Council; and the action of civil society.
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https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03657509
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 3, 2022 - 10:27:52 AM
Last modification on : Monday, May 30, 2022 - 3:04:21 PM

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Maria Mazzanti. From state sovereignty to responsibility to protect. Political science. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013IEPP0010⟩. ⟨tel-03657509⟩

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