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Exclu.e.s de la naturalisation : analyse des frontières de la “communauté nationale” en France et au Royaume-Uni

Abstract : From the 1990s onwards, the introduction or the reconfiguration of different policy instruments in the immigration policies of European states have sparked a theoretical controversy regarding the type of solidarity (juridico-political, moral, ethnocultural, etc.) that these states assume to exist between members of the ‘national community’. Through the implementation of citizenship tests, citizenship ceremonies, etc., the hypothesis of an affirmation of ‘thicker’ conceptions of citizenship – less open to the expression of a plurality of collective and individual identities within the ‘national community’ – has taken centre stage. This dissertation addresses this controversy by concentrating on the justifications of exclusion from naturalisation in France and the UK, namely incidences when naturalisation is either refused or revoked. To analyse the ‘thicker’ or ‘thinner’ character assigned to citizenship in the two countries and to assess its potential transformation over the last thirty years, the thesis draws on liberal, republican, communitarian and libertarian political theories and takes the institutional legacies of naturalisation and denaturalisation policies into account. It also examines the public discourses regarding integration into the ‘national community’ and the practices of officials who negotiate this integration. In so doing, it challenges the supposed historical divergence of citizenship conceptions in France and the UK, as well as the idea of a recent convergence between the two towards ‘thicker’ definitions of national membership.
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Emilien Fargues. Exclu.e.s de la naturalisation : analyse des frontières de la “communauté nationale” en France et au Royaume-Uni. Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019IEPP0041⟩. ⟨tel-03657082⟩



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