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Les centres en France : idéologie et incarnations contemporaines du centre

Abstract : First, we prove the existence of a specific centrist political thought that goes from Aristotle to French centrist President Valery Giscard d'Estaing. To do so, considering each great age of political thought, we build a syndox (Ancient greek, « common thought ») of thinkers who stood for the virtue of moderation on the field of political thought. Thus we can identify a paradigm of centrist political thought. We then prove this paradigm is an ideology. Secund, we prove contemporary centrist voters (1999-2012) approve this ideology. We also deduct from their preferences among political parties and famous politicians that there are four families embodying Centre: centre-right, centre-left, green-centre, extreme-centre. We also identify parties and politicians that embodied these four families from 1999 to 2012. Third, we identify these four families from French Revolution to nowadays. We also prove, thanks to tools coming from economic science, that financing of political parties is a competitive market, whereas access to seats at National Assembly is a duopoly. We then build a model that allows us to explain and predict tactical choices made by parties: the « GRADD model. » It explains that centre is divided into four families because of divergent tactical preferences when considering both sides of the duopoly. Interviews with major politicians also make it possible to confirm our conclusions.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 2, 2022 - 2:53:01 PM
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Thomas Guénolé. Les centres en France : idéologie et incarnations contemporaines du centre. Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013IEPP0003⟩. ⟨tel-03656906⟩



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