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L’invention de Bruxelles : l’intégration européenne : par le peuple ou pour le peuple ?

Abstract : The purpose of my research which connects three fields – Political Science, History and Philosophy – is to determine whether European supranational democracy is built on the basis of an integration by the people or for the people. From the interwar period to the Lisbon Treaty I have studied the theoretical and practical views of the European Construction in order to define the relation between political Europe and its people: does this relation follow an ascending process – the people as actors of the post-national integration – or a descending process – the people benefiting by the post-national integration? The first part of my research studies the continental unification project and the birth of the European Community’s “pre-history”. Whereas the integration is not yet based on any constituent “European people”, a communautary democracy theory begins to appear in the three communalist, federalist and technocratic genealogy lines. The second part of my research deals with the transition between the European Community and the European Union and the way it has been backed up with a paradoxical increasing of the idea of democracy in spite of the people. The last part of my research deals with the change in political paradigm, linked to the failure of both the constitutional treaty project and the ratification of the Lisbon Treaty, and examines to what extent a period of crisis could lead to an ambiguous form of democracy against the people.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 2, 2022 - 1:59:15 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 3, 2022 - 3:46:24 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-03656812, version 1



Aliénor Ballangé. L’invention de Bruxelles : l’intégration européenne : par le peuple ou pour le peuple ?. Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018IEPP0006⟩. ⟨tel-03656812⟩



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