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Les politiques d’assassinats ciblés en Israël et aux Etats-Unis : juger de la légitimité de la violence étatique en démocratie libérale

Abstract : The term “targeted killings” is commonly employed to refer to the intentional, premeditated and deliberate use of lethal force by states to kill selected individuals who are not in their custody. My research questions the justifications used to legitimize targeted killings within the liberal-democratic framework. I first give a chronological account of lethal practices pertaining to targeted killings and the context of their emergence. In the literature, targeted killings are discussed in reference to political assassination, theories of bombing in warfare and the use of preventive/preemptive force. (Chapter I) I then explore the national specific features of targeted killings by comparing Israeli with American discussion. (Chapter II) I analyze how targeted killings have been the spearhead of a recasting of legal obligations of Israel and the United States restricting use of force against irregular actors. (Chapter III) I then analyze national and international actual and hypothetical accountability mechanisms. I complete Allan Buchanan and Robert Keohane proposition of a “Drone Accountability Regime” by extending it to targeted killings. (Chapter IV) Their tactical efficiency does not guarantee their relevance for a long-term strategy aiming at countering terrorism. (Chapter V). What are their consequences on the international level? Targeted killings contribute to reinforce sovereignty of States waging war against “unlawful combatants”. (Chapter VI) Are they compatible with the moral values put forward by Israeli and American democracies? Targeted killings promote a new conception of legitimate violence by strengthening transparency demands towards secret use of force. (Chapter VII) This debate opens up avenues for “Raison d’État” in a liberal democracy by specifying the theoretical content of an exceptional morality. (Chapter VIII).
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https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03656682
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Submitted on : Monday, May 2, 2022 - 12:13:22 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 3, 2022 - 3:46:49 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03656682, version 1

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Amélie Ferey. Les politiques d’assassinats ciblés en Israël et aux Etats-Unis : juger de la légitimité de la violence étatique en démocratie libérale. Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018IEPP0002⟩. ⟨tel-03656682⟩

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