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La violence d’Etat en partage : le Pakistan et la privatisation de la guerre au Cachemire (1947-2007)

Abstract : This thesis makes the case for a contextualized approach to jihadist violence. From an analysis of politico-religious movements based in Pakistan and engaged in an armed struggle in the disputed territory of Kashmir, it investigates the conditions – related to the historical, political and social context – that can explain this particular form of political radicalization. The argumentation rests on a large analytical spectrum, in terms of timeframe, disciplinary fields and empirical focus. The first hypothesis, of a methodological nature, is that the complexity of the process should be apprehended through an approach mixing the historical sociology of the state and the political sociology of mobilisation. Jihadist movements are indeed understood as being part of a long-term “state-authorized privatization of extra-territorial violence”, a practice that proves to be a structural property of the trajectory of the Pakistani state since 1947. The second hypothesis, based places the focus on the perspective of the army, the militias, and the recruits so as the highlight the ambivalent nature of the relations between these different actors. Links between the military and the militias vary from ideological agreement to “collusive transactions” to conflict. Relations between combatants and armed groups are not stable either. The lack of transitivity between different phases of radicalisation (recruitment, training, self-sacrificial violence) suggests that at each step, the narratives and emotions mobilized by entrepreneurs of violence can clash with those that actually mobilize recruits. Hence the importance of bridging the processual approach of militancy with emotions studies.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 2, 2022 - 12:00:07 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03656665, version 1



Amélie Blom. La violence d’Etat en partage : le Pakistan et la privatisation de la guerre au Cachemire (1947-2007). Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018IEPP0042⟩. ⟨tel-03656665⟩



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