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La production des statistiques internationales : le cas de l'Office des Nations unies contre la drogue et le crime (UNODC)

Abstract : How do international organizations produce their statistics? This thesis unveils these singular activities from the case of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). The demon-stration follows a double sociological approach (of international relations and of quantification) based on interviews conducted at headquarters (in Vienna, Austria), methodological literature (internal and published) and UN documents (normative and analytical). Quantifying internationally is a complex process organized in successive steps: agreeing a mandate, defining a method, collecting and then processing and validating the data, and finally publishing a world report. The enterprise is collective, involving the UNODC secretariat, member states and experts. However, the task is unequally distributed, the international civil servants realizes or coordinates a large part of the work; just as the interactions between actors are asymmetrical, UNODC depends on its member states in many respects and has no real power to constrain them. Bureaucratic, political, financial and even self-censorship issues affect routine statistical work. In addition, official but administrative national sources – with their documented and delicate biases to overcome – remain mostly used because of their legitimacy. The use of satellite imagery and field surveys is an exception. Developed under such conditions, UN drug and crime statistics provide a more consensual international inventory than the so-called global diagnosis.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 2, 2022 - 10:21:08 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 3, 2022 - 3:46:49 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-03656384, version 1



Benoit Martin. La production des statistiques internationales : le cas de l'Office des Nations unies contre la drogue et le crime (UNODC). Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018IEPP0030⟩. ⟨tel-03656384⟩



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