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Sauver, protéger et soigner : une histoire des secours d’urgence en France (années 1920-années 1980)

Abstract : This dissertation deals with the elaboration and the social uses of the notion of vital emergency in contemporary France. The concept of emergency – defined as a need for urgent action to avoid death - constitutes an increasingly common form of medical care. Based on a study of multiple sources, including the archives of physicians, administrations, hospitals and associations, this doctoral research aims at understanding the social, economic and political processes set in motion by an accident, when one or several human lives are threatened. During the interwar period, the innovative medical and surgical techniques of the First World War were seldom implemented in the civilian world ; however the nuclear risk and the increasing mortality rate caused by road acccidents led to an organization of emergency medical services in public hospitals. This public policy was overseen by a division of the Ministry of Health. Through an analysis of the division of labour and of the technical devices which rationalized the provision of emergency care, this dissertation changes the focus of the debates on the value of human lives in the history of health and of the institutions in charge of the protection of populations.
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Submitted on : Friday, April 29, 2022 - 4:46:41 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03655591, version 1



Charles-Antoine Wanecq. Sauver, protéger et soigner : une histoire des secours d’urgence en France (années 1920-années 1980). Histoire. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018IEPP0039⟩. ⟨tel-03655591⟩



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