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Paris au-delà de Paris : urbanisation et révolution dans l’outre-octroi populaire, 1789-1860

Abstract : This dissertation seeks to revisit Parisian popular history in the 19th century through a local and greater Parisian understanding of the relationship between urbanization and revolution. The exploration of the case of the socio-political construction of the suburban neighborhood of the butte des Moulins shows how, after the 1820s, Parisians of birth and adoption built the capital of revolutions outside of its administrative limits. While 1848 established this social space as a neighborhood of an insurgent greater-Parisian Republic, it also revealed that instead of expressing the long crisis of a city that was apathetic when facing its impressive demographic growth, the Days of June manifested the success of a silent urban revolution. The success of an urbanization that occurred through the unprecedented channel of popular subdivisions where real estate promoters projected their city beyond the city wall with the complicity and then the support of local authorities. This allowed a multitude of mostly working-class families and individuals to find cheaper housing than buyers with a similar social profile built on the lots acquired through the interpersonal mortgage market. In 1848, these suburban Parisians barricaded their neighborhood and descended into the old city to defend with their brothers the social democratic ideal of proximity that they gave to republican institutions, thus transforming the butte des Moulins into one of the Aventine hills of their city. The multi-scale analysis of the practices and socio-spatial itineraries of the builders of this neighborhood reveals the precocity of the formation of a popular Greater Paris, where the residents of certain urban margins did not wait for the segregative effects of Haussmanization to claim their belonging to the capital of revolutions.
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https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03655125
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Submitted on : Friday, April 29, 2022 - 12:05:16 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, April 30, 2022 - 3:36:04 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03655125, version 1

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Alexandre Frondizi. Paris au-delà de Paris : urbanisation et révolution dans l’outre-octroi populaire, 1789-1860. Histoire. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018IEPP0044⟩. ⟨tel-03655125⟩

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