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Theses

Politiques des images dans les conflits armés contemporains : cas de l’insurrection de Boko Haram et de la violence urbaine liée au Primeiro Comando da Capital à Sao Paulo

Abstract : This thesis aims at understanding the visual dimension of contemporary armed conflicts. To do so it presents empirical datas on the pictures, their production, circulation and reception during two armed conflicts. The first case is the urban conflict around drug trafficking and the Primeiro Comando da Capital in Sao Paulo. The second one is the Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria, Chad and Cameroon. This approach shows that contemporary conflicts are entangled in controversies about their meaning and definition. The actors of theses conflicts try to impose their own framing and their interpretation of the conflict using pictures. When the actors do not produce images, they are forced to advance some interpretations of the pictures. To identify the role of images in controversies relating to armed conflicts the thesis develops two concepts. The first one is the « regime d’images ». It underlines the modes of functionment of these images and makes it possible to explain their power over the controversies. This concept is used to show the different dynamics in the two cases. Regarding the Boko Haram insurgency, one of the « regime d’image » contributed to the internationalization of the conflict. In Sao Paulo the regimes of images reinforce the different positions of the actors in the controversy. The thesis also develops the idea of aesthetic capital of armed groups. This aesthetic capital can be transformed into military capital. We validate this hypothesis showing how this capital worked for the PCC and Boko Haram. The two groups are forced to adopt the visual codes and the aesthetic of the Islamic State to manifest their political antagonism.
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Submitted on : Friday, April 29, 2022 - 9:55:45 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, April 30, 2022 - 3:36:04 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03654970, version 1

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Corentin Cohen. Politiques des images dans les conflits armés contemporains : cas de l’insurrection de Boko Haram et de la violence urbaine liée au Primeiro Comando da Capital à Sao Paulo. Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017IEPP0043⟩. ⟨tel-03654970⟩

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