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Quartiers de reconnexion : genèse et production d'un nouveau modèle urbain

Abstract : The dissertation recounts the genesis and production of a new urban model which appeared in many French cities in the beginning of the 21st century. Coming under different labels, such as “eco-districts” or “sustainable districts”, a series of local urban operations initially launched independently, eventually acquired a common social reform dimension. Harmonious social mixing, neighborly relations and a vibrant urban life, and the reconciliation between the city and “nature”, make up this urban ideal which I therefore propose to call “reconnection”. The latter is analyzed through in-depth ethnography (interviews, long-term observations, quantitative data, iconographic and written documents analyses) of three “reconnecting districts” under construction in and around Paris, and by connecting these local urban operations with national policies (studied through field work at the French Ministry of Housing) developed in a wider international context (most notably, the COP21 international climate summit in Paris). The thesis examines the processes by which those urban operations are first set on local political agendas, it analyzes how some of them become trend-setters in France as well as demonstrators of exportable French urban savoir-faire around the world, and finally studies how those new districts’ promises of “reconnection” translate within land and housing markets and take shape through urban and architectural conception work. I argue that this new urban model emerges through an incremental process made up of multiple valuation operations and based on the incessant circulations of reconnection promises among cities, intermediary and national governments as well as economic actors. Ultimately, this thesis aims at contributing to the economic sociology of urban change, to the sociology of promises and innovations, and to the political sociology of models.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 28, 2022 - 2:19:34 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 4, 2022 - 10:05:29 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03654172, version 1

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Marie Piganiol. Quartiers de reconnexion : genèse et production d'un nouveau modèle urbain. Sociologie. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017IEPP0041⟩. ⟨tel-03654172⟩

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