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International relations and Syria's first military rule, 1949 : Husni al-Zaim, the Hashemites, the Arab-Israeli conflict and Western powers

Abstract : Although considered to be a turning point in the history of modern Syria, the reasons that led Housni al-Zaim, the commander of the Syrian Armed Forces in 1949, to effectuate his coup against President Kouatli, as well as the reasons that led him to take the decisions he did in the course of his reign, decisions that both impacted Syria and Middle Eastern geopolitics, remained open to speculation. The objective of this doctoral dissertation is to provide a new historical interpretation of the interaction between Syria’s first coup d’Etat’s main protagonist – Husni al-Zaim, on one hand, and the regional and international actors on the other, an interaction that has long been a matter of discussion and speculation, through the study of previously untapped sources and the re-examination of some that have already been studied. Methodologically, we are employing Collingwood’s approach of history as the historian’s re-living of his subject’s past experience, by using a select number of sources to understand al-Zaim’s approach towards regional and international relations, in an attempt to first reconstruct the personal experiences of al-Zaim, and as much as possible, all of those of the protagonists of the events that his rule witnessed, so as to finally give our verdict on the extent to which this interaction with foreign actors influenced the turn of the events that his rule witnessed. Our study draws on a wide range of sources making up our inventory, which includes the largest number of memoirs and testimonies of key figures and actors written in Arabic, complemented with Lebanese and American intelligence reports, as well as with French, British and American diplomatic documents.
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https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03654054
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 28, 2022 - 12:14:36 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 29, 2022 - 3:35:37 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03654054, version 1

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Carl Rihan. International relations and Syria's first military rule, 1949 : Husni al-Zaim, the Hashemites, the Arab-Israeli conflict and Western powers. History. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017IEPP0040⟩. ⟨tel-03654054⟩

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