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Le weak power en action : la diplomatie climatique du Bangladesh

Abstract : Cross-checking the sociology of international relations with public policy analysis and mobilizing qualitative – participant observation, semi-structured interviews – and quantitative – textual analysis – methods, this dissertation analyses the development and implementation of the Bangladesh’s climate diplomacy. For a long time, the literature on global climate governance has focused on the role of dominant players in the climate regime. But this body of work does not provide a comprehensive insight on the negotiation capacities of dominated players and the limits to their effective participation. Based on a detailed empirical study, this research aims to fill this gap. It demonstrates the existence of a weak power that is defined as the ability of a « weak » actor to circumvent and/or transform its lack of structural power into comparative advantage, thanks in particular to borrowing resources to other actors, to influence the process and results of negotiations. This research shows how Bangladesh has acquired an ambiguous identity in climate regime, being both “the most vulnerable” country to climate change impacts and the “adaptation leader”. This dual identity allows Bangladesh to raise its voice in climate negotiations, to attract international funding and attention, and to legitimise its claims. This dissertation sketches out the contours of an analytical model enabling to analyse activation conditions, resources, diplomatic strategies and forms of leadership specific to weak power. In doing so, it contributes to a better understanding of the “structuralist paradox” identified by William Zartman and to the role of dominated states in international negotiations.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 28, 2022 - 11:42:55 AM
Last modification on : Friday, April 29, 2022 - 3:35:53 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03654012, version 1

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Alice Baillat. Le weak power en action : la diplomatie climatique du Bangladesh. Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017IEPP0010⟩. ⟨tel-03654012⟩

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