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Theses

Une terre d’asile sans réfugiés : une socio-histoire du dispositif d’asile israélien

Abstract : The establishment of the state of Israel is entangled in the stories of two of the largest populations of refugees of its time: Jews who immigrated to Israel and Palestinians forced to leave the same territory during the war. Yet, these two stories prevented the creation of a social and juridical category of refugee in that country. Since the late 1970 and more explicitly, since the mid-2000s, groups and individuals seeking refuge and claiming asylum in Israel encounter a system that avoids recognizing refugees. This system has been formalized and institutionalized during the last decade, keeping its profoundly paradoxical nature, characteristic of a refuge-state without refugees. Drawing on interviews with actors of the Israeli asylum system and on a critical reading of official documents, I outline the social history of the Israeli asylum system. My main argument is that in Israel, the question of governing migrants seeking refuge draws both on global processes of asylum restriction and anti-immigration policies and technologies, and on a long national history, a history of inclusionary and exclusionary dynamics that accompany the creation of the Israeli state. This history resurfaces with the establishment of a repressive system targeting migrants seeking refuge, mostly Eritrean and Sudanese, as “infiltrators”, a term created in order to exclude Arabs who entered the territory of the newly founded state in its first years and to prevent the return of Palestinian refugees. In that sense, studying the Israeli asylum system reveals the non-linear and continuous statecraft, and the contemporary assemblages of sovereignty, nationalism and neo-liberalism.
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https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03653895
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 28, 2022 - 10:54:37 AM
Last modification on : Friday, April 29, 2022 - 3:35:53 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03653895, version 1

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Shira Havkin. Une terre d’asile sans réfugiés : une socio-histoire du dispositif d’asile israélien. Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017IEPP0031⟩. ⟨tel-03653895⟩

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