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L'usage politique des droits de l'Homme : trajectoires militantes et répertoires discursifs des nouvelles gauches argentines (1971-2012)

Abstract : This research explores the relationship between the Argentinean revolutionary « New Lefts » and human rights mobilizations since the 1970s. Drawing on both archival work and interviews, it combines approaches from political sociology and the history of political ideas to reconstruct the trajectories of political activism of an informal group of actors, and proposes an analysis of their discursive repertoires. The first part shows that the New Lefts were pioneers in the emergence of human rights as a political discourse in Argentina in the early 1970s. This provided the basis for a hybridization process, in which political radicalness and the use of a juridical vocabulary were intertwined in a context of dictatorship. The second part shows how, although a liberal conception of human rights prevailed in the 1980s, this original radical discourse survived after the reestablishment of the rule of law. It developed and became more precise through a series of tests (trial of the juntas, incrimination of revolutionary activism, attack of a military unit by an armed left-wing group). The third part, lastly, underlines the fact that current uses of certain terms for describing and discussing the period of dictatorship (“genocide”, “30 000 disappeared”) can only be understood in line with the previously studied trajectories, which give them a sui generis meaning. In that perspective, the contemporary discursive repertoire of revolutionary human rights is the result of a long evolution and can only be understood in light of that evolution. Moreover, understanding this history sheds fresh light on how a new radical democratic common sense was established among the Argentinean left.
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Contributor : Hélène Saint-Gal Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, April 27, 2022 - 3:01:33 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 28, 2022 - 3:35:59 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-03653213, version 1


David Copello. L'usage politique des droits de l'Homme : trajectoires militantes et répertoires discursifs des nouvelles gauches argentines (1971-2012). Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017IEPP0021⟩. ⟨tel-03653213⟩



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