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The international dimensions of electoral frauds and electoral malpractices : the South Caucasus

Abstract : During the last years many research have been conducted to analyse why elections fail, what is their role in hybrid as well as authoritarian regimes, and there is a growing stream of literature that is investigating electoral frauds and electoral malpractices. This thesis provides a contribution in this debate by pointing to one of the less analysed factors in the study of electoral frauds and electoral malpractices, which is the international dimension. The latter is conceptualized in two ways: the first one relates to Western democratizing pressure and how it can affect the change or the evolution of electoral frauds and malpractices. The second one concerns socialization dynamics in terms of methods of frauds and malpractices among authorities in different countries. It is argued that where there is a stronger Western democratizing pressure authorities change the way they conduct elections, even if this change does not forcefully means democratization. Rather, along with formal improvements in elections management, authorities alter and modify methods of frauds and malpractices as a way to elude Western criticism. In order to properly modify electoral frauds and malpractices, authorities resort to learning practices by looking at other experiences. These theoretical arguments have been verified on three cases study, which are Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia. These countries share some key characteristics, which allowed for cross-temporal and spatial analysis regarding electoral frauds and malpractices since their independence from the Soviet Union.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 27, 2022 - 12:41:01 PM
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Samuele Dominioni. The international dimensions of electoral frauds and electoral malpractices : the South Caucasus. Political science. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po; Institute for Advanced Studies Lucca (Lucca, Italie), 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016IEPP0065⟩. ⟨tel-03653065⟩

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