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Les récits mémoriels historiques : mémoire individuelle et mémoire collective du XXe siècle en bande dessinée

Abstract : A new genre of comics has developped, the historical graphic memoir, which is based on the author’s personal experience (Marjane Satrapi- Persepolis ) of a major historical event of the twentieth or the twenty- first century, or on one of the author's relatives (Art Spiegelman- Maus ). A graphic novel of the sort is mainly based on the need to transmit a family history. The intimate and personal nature of this type of book implies that a historical graphic memoir is, in most cases, the work of a single author, who directs the script, as well as the drawing and possibly the colour setting. The moral commitment, the involvement of the author in giving an accurate picture of the facts, both personal and historical, induces an important documentary research. The historical graphic memoir is the expression of an individual memory, that is also representative of a collective memory. The appearance of this new genre is linked with the growing interest in memory since the late twentieth century. This is, somehow, a visual and narrative marker of "memorial activism" as highlighted by Henry Rousso. This creates a pictorial memory, a traumatic memory where the picture is predominant; drawn or photographic, it interacts with the text and impresses durably. These albums are accurate and their publication influences the representation we have of historical facts. Maus, the one album ever to have been awarded a Pulitzer Prize (1992) has contributed to a profound change in people's outlook on the Holocaust.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 27, 2022 - 10:46:41 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 28, 2022 - 3:35:59 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-03652881, version 1



Isabelle Delorme. Les récits mémoriels historiques : mémoire individuelle et mémoire collective du XXe siècle en bande dessinée. Histoire. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016IEPP0053⟩. ⟨tel-03652881⟩



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