Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

Jacques Chirac, Nicolas Sarkozy et l'adhésion de la Turquie à l'Union européenne : pour une approche psychologique de la décision

Abstract : The thesis analyzes the policy of France towards Turkey’s accession to the European Union between 1995 and 2012 by concentrating on the influence of Presidents Jacques Chirac and Nicolas Sarkozy’s personalities on this policy. This political psychology research is inspired by Albert Bandura’s social cognitive theory of personality. After developments calling for a better consideration of the individual decision-makers in political science, the thesis shows that French policy towards Turkish accession distinguishes itself through a centralized decision-making process around the President of the Republic. The support of France for Turkish accession between 1995 and 2007, against the public opinion, is explained by the personality of Jacques Chirac: his belief system, his determination, and his independence of mind. The election of Nicolas Sarkozy in 2007 is a rupture in the French position towards Turkey. Because of a domestic politics calculation corresponding to his belief system, the new President decides not to support Turkish accession anymore, even though France does not veto the pursuit of negotiations between the European Union and Turkey. In spite of this initial compromise, Paris-Ankara relations are severely damaged between 2007 and 2012, a situation that can be explained by the personality of Nicolas Sarkozy. The latter has a policy of rejection of Turkey on several topics (the Union for the Mediterranean, the Season of Turkey in France, the intervention in Libya). What is more, his uninhibited temperament irritates the Turkish authorities.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadata

https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03652801
Contributor : Hélène Saint-Gal Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, April 27, 2022 - 9:55:28 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 28, 2022 - 3:36:11 AM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-03652801, version 1

Collections

Citation

Charles Sitzenstuhl. Jacques Chirac, Nicolas Sarkozy et l'adhésion de la Turquie à l'Union européenne : pour une approche psychologique de la décision. Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016IEPP0026⟩. ⟨tel-03652801⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

5