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La politique étrangère du Hamas 2006-2013 : idéologie, intérêt et processus de décision

Abstract : The present thesis argues that the Palestinian movement Hamas pursues its own foreign policy even though it may be considered a non state actor, or a semi-state actor at best. The key independent variables determining this foreign policy are internal decision-making processes and various types of interests that in the vast majority of cases prevail upon ideological considerations. Decision making processes vary from period to period and sometimes from case to case. Sometimes their output reflects a compromise of competing interests, even though these compromises are always biased in favour of the stronger groups or factions within the movement. Only the 2008 truce with Israel gave rise to substantial ideological debates which left their trace in the run-up to this event and subsequent cleavages and defections, in particular to the al-Qassam brigades. In spite of various diverging interests, the leaders and members of Hamas share a basic objective which is to guarantee the political supremacy of their movement in Palestine. Its foreign policy enables Hamas to pursue a number of interests both external and internal: to obtain diplomatic and symbolic recognition, mobilize material and symbolical ressources, secure its domination over the Gaza strip, and compete with its nationalist and islamist opponents. Ideological propositions are constantly adapted to these different interests.
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https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03652369
Contributor : Hélène Saint-Gal Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 26, 2022 - 3:34:42 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 27, 2022 - 3:35:02 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03652369, version 1

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Seurat Leila. La politique étrangère du Hamas 2006-2013 : idéologie, intérêt et processus de décision. Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014IEPP0019⟩. ⟨tel-03652369⟩

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