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Le pouvoir des armes, le pouvoir de la loi : groupes paramilitaires et formation de l'Etat en Colombie

Abstract : The relation between non-state armed groups and the state should not be necessarily interpreted as a mutually exclusive alternative between state weakness and violence sub- contracting. This thesis mobilizes a research on the relations between the state and paramilitary groups in Colombia in order to analyse the link between private violence and state formation. The history of these groups is characterized by the existence of collusive alliances with sectors of the political and administrative elites, but also by forms of denunciation and disclosure that delegitimize these relations. This thesis examines a situation in which the power of weapons fails to turn into legal power. From a double perspective, it mobilizes the conceptual tools of the historical sociology of the state. A first approach analyses the treatment of paramilitary groups by central state institutions, in terms of security policies, judicial action or peace-building policies. It shows that these groups are subject to multiple modalities of state intervention. These cannot be understood as a univocal form of public action, but rather as a sign of intra- state disputes over the control and regulation of private violence. A second approach analyses the local action of paramilitary groups: their intervention in the electoral process, their role as violent entrepreneurs, their positioning relative to the guerrillas and their relation to the market It shows that paramilitary groups are forms of local authority; far from being opposed to the state, they seek instead to benefit from their position as key actors for resource extraction, as well as in the construction and maintenance of local orders.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 26, 2022 - 3:07:06 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 27, 2022 - 3:35:02 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-03652336, version 1



Jacobo Grajales Lopez. Le pouvoir des armes, le pouvoir de la loi : groupes paramilitaires et formation de l'Etat en Colombie. Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014IEPP0025⟩. ⟨tel-03652336⟩



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