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La démocratie des conseils : aux origines modernes de l’autogouvernement

Abstract : The turn between the nineteenth and the twentieth century was rich in democratic experiences. Although their influence has often been underestimated, municipalities, committees, local councils and revolutionary assemblies played an important role in the labor movement and also constitute important components of modern democratic theory. By being independant from the State, these political experiences contribute to the modern definition of radical democracy, also thought as self-government of bottom-up democracy. From a strict political point of view, council democracy has invented several principles that have increased the horizontal dimension of democracy, and reduced its vertical dimension, thus contributing to the "deprofessionalisation" of political activity, and questioning the relation between leaders and performers. The strategic understanding of these movements enables us to get hold of new dynamics. By linking the destruction of existing political structures with the construction of new social relations, council democracy brings the temporality of social transformation to an unstable balance between short-term insurgency and long-term institutionalisation. Although concealed from the socialist paradigm, council based groups working along socialist movements contribute to the development of practices and theories that relate to original democratic transformation.Between critical views of leninist substitutionism and mistrust of spontaneism, these theories are a topical issue for people interested in nowadays social and democratic transformation strategies.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 26, 2022 - 1:11:06 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03652191, version 1



Yohan Dubigeon. La démocratie des conseils : aux origines modernes de l’autogouvernement. Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014IEPP0016⟩. ⟨tel-03652191⟩



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