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"Pleurons-les, bénissons leurs noms" : les commémorations de la Shoah et de la Seconde Guerre mondiale dans le monde juif parisien entre 1944 et 1967 : rituels, mémoires et identités

Abstract : Between 1944 and the end of the sixties, Parisian Jewish groups organized many gatherings to commemorate the Holocaust and the Jewish contribution to France’s defense and liberation during World War Two. These ceremonies constituted an important sociopolitical ritual within the very divided and politicized Parisian Jewry (part I). Commemorations also served as a carrier of memory by articulating public mourning and individual experiences of loss, narrating the commemorated past, and transmitting it to the youngest members of the community (part II). Lastly, these gatherings played a key role as a source of identity, allowing Parisian Jews to define who they were, especially in relation to three pillars of identification : France, the State of Israel, and the Jewish religious tradition (part III). Given this dense commemorative activity and its major political, social and cultural functions, it is clear that the Holocaust was never kept quiet within French Jewish public life, whose postwar vitality is worth reevaluating. Commemorations contributed to the making of Parisian Jewry not only through their instigators’ efforts to reinforce the community's internal cohesion, but also by virtue of enabling the expression and emergence of conflicts. It is at least in part by gathering around its dead in the aftermath of war and genocide that the Parisian Jewish world returned to life.
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https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03652124
Contributor : Hélène Saint-Gal Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 26, 2022 - 12:09:09 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 27, 2022 - 3:34:47 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03652124, version 1

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Simon Perego. "Pleurons-les, bénissons leurs noms" : les commémorations de la Shoah et de la Seconde Guerre mondiale dans le monde juif parisien entre 1944 et 1967 : rituels, mémoires et identités. Histoire. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016IEPP0070⟩. ⟨tel-03652124⟩

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