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Theses

Essays in political economy

Abstract : This thesis consists of three essays on the political economy of developing countries. Chapter 1 « Fiscal Federalism and Legislative Malapportionment: Causal Evidence from Independent but Related Natural Experiments » (cowritten with S. Galiani and G. Torrens) investigates the impact of distortions in districts' representation in the Argentine Congress on the distribution of federal tax resources. Exploiting exogenous variations in the provinces' legislative representation, we show that changes in the share of seats do not result in changes in the share of federal tax resources each district gets. Chapter 2, entitled « International Organizations and Structural Reforms » (co-written with S. Galiani and G. Torrens), we analyze the dynamics of structural reforms in developing countries in the presence of international organizations that fund reforms. We develop a dynamic model in which we show that these organizations alter the local political equilibrium and may incentivize countries to over-reform. This, in turns, leaves countries prone to suffer violent cycles of reform and counter-reform. In chapter 3, « Computers and Youth Political Participation », I study the impact of new information technologies on the political behavior of young people in Argentina. I analyze the effect of a laptop distribution program aimed at high school students who voted for the first time after voting age was lowered to 16. My analysis show that exposure to the program is associated with a decrease in turnout rates of teenagers, and I present evidence that suggests that this may be due to increased entertainment use of computers, which eventually leads to apathy in politics.
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https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03651895
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 26, 2022 - 10:30:05 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 27, 2022 - 3:34:47 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03651895, version 1

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Iván Torre. Essays in political economy. Economics and Finance. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016IEPP0063⟩. ⟨tel-03651895⟩

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