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Creuser la terre-patrie pour fabriquer la nation : histoire d'une aventure scientifique : de l’archéologie juive à l’archéologie israélienne (XIXe siècle-1967)

Chloé Rosner 
Abstract : This research focuses on the history of Jewish institutions involved in archaeology established in Jerusalem between 1910 and 1925 in the context of the scientific exploration of Palestine. They are thoroughly examined through their actors, archaeological endeavors and the various networks that supported them. In order to better appreciate their approach to and practice of archaeology, the research also examines these institutions within the parameters of the administration and laws on antiquities established and issued by the successive Ottoman and British authorities in Palestine.This allows us to gauge the contribution these institutions made to the development of archaeology as practiced between 1948-1967 in Israel. This first part of our research enables us to examine the socio-political and cultural roles of archaeology such as its influence on the creation of a Jewish national identity and culture and its role in shaping Palestine as homeland within the context of Zionism. Because these institutions played myriad roles in the intertwining of archaeology with Zionist ambitions and projects; they facilitated the strengthening of its socio-political and cultural roles and influences between 1948 and 1967 in Israel. To this end, the research examines different means that have been employed to transmit and promote archaeology to the general public. This finally allows us to measure how archaeology became what is known as an Israeli “national hobby” over the 1950-1960’s.
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https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03651441
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Submitted on : Monday, April 25, 2022 - 5:02:18 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 14, 2022 - 12:17:31 PM

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Chloé Rosner. Creuser la terre-patrie pour fabriquer la nation : histoire d'une aventure scientifique : de l’archéologie juive à l’archéologie israélienne (XIXe siècle-1967). Histoire. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020IEPP0012⟩. ⟨tel-03651441⟩

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