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Unveiling the puppet master : effectively dealing with puppet States in international law

Abstract : This research deals with what it defines as puppet states or instances of covert occupation. In order to bypass the political burden and especially the legal obligations which international humanitarian law and general international law impose on the occupying power, a growing trend has come into place for states to create secessionist entities within another state. These secessionist entities, which have all outside aspects of a de facto state, are in fact effectively controlled by their sponsor state. Furthermore, the sponsor state not only establishes the puppet state through military force, but also controls its everyday life through the use of military, economic and political means, leading to a de facto annexation of the given territory. Five regions in the world are in this situation, while a sixth is under creation in Eastern Ukraine. Northern Cyprus, Nagorno Karabakh, Transnistria, South Ossetia and Abkhazia can all be defined as puppet states. The unclear status of these regions makes them areas of impunity, regions which largely fall outside the implementation of international humanitarian law. The present research analyzes this phenomenon from a critical perspective and unveils the legal gaps that enable the use of puppet states for escaping the burden of international humanitarian law, while mapping possible ways of tackling this problem.
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Submitted on : Monday, April 25, 2022 - 4:52:37 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 26, 2022 - 3:37:13 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-03651422, version 1



Bogdan Ivanel. Unveiling the puppet master : effectively dealing with puppet States in international law. Law. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016IEPP0032⟩. ⟨tel-03651422⟩



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