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Médiation, médiations ? : typologie d’une activité de pacification dans les conflits politiques violents de l’après-guerre froide

Abstract : How can we understand, interpret and explain international mediation? Is it possible to distinguish several types of international mediations? The growing use of international mediation since the end of the Cold War and the diversity of actors involved in this peacemaking activity explain the need for clarification. Combining theoretical considerations and case studies, we therefore propose a typology based on the distinction between a political, an expert and a societal mediation. These types are constructed through an analysis of the various ways of conceiving conflict, peace, and the rationality of mediation, the different mediation practices, and finally the diverse functions that mediations can have with regard to the conflict and the mediator. In a second part, we demonstrate that the limits of the typological exercise shed light on problems and stakes common to all mediations. We question the limits of our types in relation to the unique macro and micro contexts in which mediations are carried out. We then define “mediation complexes”, characterized by the co-existence of several types of mediations or the changing character of a mediation over time. Lastly, we reflect on hybrid mediations, which combine characteristics from different types, and emerge from the discrepancy between discourses and acts as well as between expected and obtained effects.
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https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03651342
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Submitted on : Monday, April 25, 2022 - 4:19:27 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 4, 2022 - 4:40:02 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03651342, version 1

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Milena Dieckhoff. Médiation, médiations ? : typologie d’une activité de pacification dans les conflits politiques violents de l’après-guerre froide. Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016IEPP0057⟩. ⟨tel-03651342⟩

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