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La communication à l'ONU : histoire et sociologie

Abstract : Our study, both exploratory and synthetic, will try to answer the following questions : how, why and to whom is the UN communicating ? How is the the UN’s strategy of communication a good indicator of the political balance of power within the Organization ? To answer these questions, our study will be divided in two parts. We will firstly try to analyze the UN’s strategy of communication from a sociohistorical perspective. Therefore, we will begin with a metapolitical analysis of modern communication (chapter I). This allows us to grasp the very context in which the onusian communication, like any other strategy of communication, is developing. We will then look to show the similarities between the UN and the League of Nations from a communication perspective, which shows a form of sociohistorical continuity (chapter II). This will lead us to a sociohistorical study of the UN’s strategy of communication, which, depending of its use and status, will have a very variable impact on the historical flow of events (chapter III). In the second part, we use the intermediary conclusions of our theoretical and global analysis and apply it to the present functioning of the UN’s strategy of communication. We analyse in details the role, the principles and the actions of the Department of Public Information, which is at the heart of the UN from a communication perspective (chapter IV). Nonetheless, the Secretary general being the most essential part of the strategy we studied, we also analyse the communicational role of the political function as well as the individual who embodies it (chapter V). Finally, we focus on the financial limitations of the UN’s strategy of communication and, reversely, the role communication can play as a way for the Organization to survive financially (chapter VI). This study shows that although communication doesn’t compensate for the organizational and political frailties of the UN, it has a potential to do so. As for any instrument, the efficiency of communication lies in the use the actors make of it.
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Submitted on : Monday, April 25, 2022 - 3:57:18 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03651302, version 1



Ismail Regragui. La communication à l'ONU : histoire et sociologie. Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016IEPP0049⟩. ⟨tel-03651302⟩



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