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Theses

The visible hand : labor market institutions, and housing taxation

Abstract : In this thesis, I analyze the role of institutions in two markets: labor and housing. In chapter 1 (joint with Elisa Guglielminetti), I use a random search model to study the sorting of new hires into open-ended and fixed-term contracts. The co-existence of these two types of contracts is explained by match heterogeneity. When permanent contracts are expected to last longer, firms offer temporary contracts to low-productivity matches and permanent contracts to highly productive ones. Match productivity is interpreted as the fit of worker’s skills to task requirements. This hypothesis is supported by matched employer-employee data from a large Italian region. I further perform a policy analysis, showing that reforms liberalizing fixed-term contracts encourage their use, have non-linear effects on aggregate employment, but reduce long-term unemployment. In chapter 2, I investigate the effect of a liberalization of fixed-term contracts, finding a negative effect on new open-ended hires. This result validates the simulations in the first chapter, and confirms the role of match quality as sorting mechanism between contracts of different lengths and protection levels. Chapter 3 (joint with Robert Gary-Bobo), studies the distribution of housing in an overlapping generation model. Finding its equilibrium inefficient, I devise a system of proportional taxes to restore optimality.
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https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03650786
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Submitted on : Monday, April 25, 2022 - 11:34:57 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 26, 2022 - 3:37:13 AM

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Jamil Nur. The visible hand : labor market institutions, and housing taxation. Economics and Finance. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016IEPP0033⟩. ⟨tel-03650786⟩

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